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Income statement Definition, example & format of income statement

statement of activities example

The cash flow statement paints a picture as to how a company’s operations are running, where its money comes from, and how money is being spent. Also known as the statement of cash flows, the CFS helps its creditors determine how much cash is available (referred to as liquidity) for the company to fund its operating expenses and pay down its debts. The CFS is equally important to investors because it tells them whether a company is on solid financial ground.

The cash flow statement makes adjustments to the information recorded on your income statement, so you see your net cash flow—the precise amount of cash you have on hand for that time period. While income statements are excellent for showing you how much money you’ve spent and earned, they don’t necessarily tell you how much cash you have on hand for a specific period of time. The goal of the cash flow statement is to show the amount of cash generated and spent over a specific period of time, and it helps businesses analyze the liquidity and long-term solvency. In the following example, you can see that the indirect method uses net income as a base and adds non-cash expenses like depreciation and amortization. On the other hand, the direct method takes all cash collections from operating activities and subtracts the cash disbursements from operating activities, such as payments to suppliers and wages. Essentially, the accountant will convert net income to actual cash flow by de-accruing it through a process of identifying any non-cash expenses for the period from the income statement.


The balance sheet reports a company’s financial health through its liquidity and solvency, while the income statement reports a company’s profitability. A statement of cash flow ties these two together by tracking sources and uses of cash. Together, financial statements communicate how a company is doing over time and against its competitors. The Statement of Activities records Cornell’s financial performance over a fiscal period. It details operating revenues, operating expenses, non-operating revenues and expenses, and changes in net assets.

statement of activities example

Here you can see that the business paid more in  expenses than the amount of income it brought in. Sometimes a company may experience negative cash flow due to heavy investment expenditure, but this is not always an indicator of poor performance, because it may be leading to high capital growth. Companies generally aim for a positive cash flow for their business operations without which the company may have to borrow money to keep the business going. It provides insight into how much and how a business generates revenues, what the cost of doing business is, how efficiently it manages its cash, and what its assets and liabilities are. Financial statements provide all the detail on how well or poorly a company manages itself.

Government-Wide Financial Statements

But they only factor into determining the operating activities section of the CFS. As such, net earnings have nothing to do with the investing or financial activities sections of the CFS. The cash flow statement (CFS), is a financial statement that summarizes the movement of cash and cash equivalents (CCE) that come in and go out of a company. The CFS measures how well a company manages its cash position, meaning how well the company generates cash to pay its debt obligations and fund its operating expenses.

  • A business’ cash flow statement should show adequate positive cash flow for its operational activities.
  • Many small businesses fall into the trap of focusing too much on profit and loss, ignoring company cash flow in the process.
  • After reviewing its current expenses (including salaries, rent, utilities, and other expenses) the Foundation determined that it could save $2,000 per month by canceling its health insurance policy for staff members.
  • The cash flow statement measures the performance of a company over a period of time.
  • It is interesting to note both companies spent significant amounts of cash to acquire property and equipment and long-term investments as reflected in the negative investing activities amounts.
  • Conversely, a statement of activities with natural classification would only list the expense types, such as salaries, utilities, office supplies, and others.
  • The first thing you’ll want to look at when reading a nonprofit statement of activities is the net income.

The net assets featured on your nonprofit statement of activities are simply your expenses subtracted from your revenue. This calculation shows the equity of your nonprofit organization and whether you have the revenue to cover expenses, creating a sustainable organization. Your organization works hard to raise funds and to use those funds to further your mission. Ensuring your reports are in check will help your nonprofit make the most of your finances moving forward. Let’s dive in to learn more about the specifics of your nonprofit statement of activities.

Historical Withdrawals of the Long-Term Investment Pool (LTIP)

At the bottom of the report, there’s a section dedicated to the net assets of the organization. The income statement may have minor variations between different companies, as expenses and income will be dependent on the type of operations law firm bookkeeping or business conducted. However, there are several generic line items that are commonly seen in any income statement. When you have a positive number at the bottom of your statement, you’ve got positive cash flow for the month.

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